Contents

Uncover the Unique History of Prague Castle

Prague Castle, with its rich history spanning over a millennium, stands tall and proud, inviting visitors from around the globe to step into a world where legends come alive. So, let’s take a deep dive into the captivating history of Prague Castle and uncover the remarkable events that have shaped this landmark.

Prague Castle timeline

  • 9th century: Prague Castle's foundations were laid by Prince Bořivoj.
  • 10th century: The first stone building, the Church of the Virgin Mary, was constructed within the castle walls.
  • 14th century: Emperor Charles IV transformed Prague Castle into a magnificent Gothic residence, leaving a lasting architectural legacy.
  • 16th century: Prague Castle became the center of power for the Habsburg dynasty, leading to extensive Renaissance renovations.
  • 17th century: The castle suffered damage during the Thirty Years' War and later underwent Baroque reconstruction under Emperor Ferdinand II.
  • 1918: Prague Castle became the seat of the President of Czechoslovakia, symbolizing the country's independence.
  • 1989: Prague Castle served as the backdrop for the Velvet Revolution, a peaceful protest that led to the end of communism in Czechoslovakia.
  • 1992: Prague Castle was inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage site, recognizing its historical and cultural significance.
  • 1993: After Czechoslovakia split into the Czech Republic and Slovakia, the castle became the seat of the Head of State of the new Czech Republic.
  • 2023: Prague Castle continues to enchant visitors with its rich history and stunning architecture, welcoming millions of tourists every year.

Prague Castle history explained

History of Prague Castle

The foundation of Prague Castle

9th century

In the 9th century, the foundations of Prague Castle were laid, giving birth to a majestic fortress atop a hill that would become the heart and soul of the Czech Republic. Its strategic location provided a vantage point, allowing rulers to safeguard their kingdoms.

History of Prague Castle

The Gothic transformation

10th century

During the 10th century, Prague Castle underwent a remarkable transformation. It evolved from a simple fortification into a splendid seat of power, adorned with architectural marvels like the Church of the Virgin Mary and serving as the residence of Bohemian rulers.

History of Prague Castle

The Golden era

14th century

The 14th century marked a golden era for Prague Castle. Emperor Charles IV transformed the castle into a magnificent Gothic residence, leaving a lasting architectural legacy with the construction of the St. Vitus Cathedral and the Old Royal Palace.

History of Prague Castle

The Habsburg dynasty and Renaissance splendor

16th century

Under the Habsburg dynasty, Prague Castle emerged as the center of political power. Renaissance influences swept through the castle under the reign of Emperor Rudolf II, leaving their mark on the architecture and interior decorations.

History of Prague Castle

Defenestration drama

1618

In 1618, a dramatic event unfolded at Prague Castle that led to the Thirty Years' War. Two Catholic governors were thrown out of a window, surviving the fall but igniting a conflict that would ravage Europe for decades to come.

History of Prague Castle

Wars and Baroque revival

17th Century

The Thirty Years' War left Prague Castle in ruins. However, under the reign of Emperor Ferdinand II, the castle was meticulously reconstructed, showcasing the opulence and grandeur of the Baroque era. The magnificent Schwarzenberg Palace and the Royal Garden were also constructed.

Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk Prague's Castle

Symbol of independence and change

1918

In 1918, Prague Castle became the seat of the President of Czechoslovakia. This pivotal moment symbolizes the country's independence. The castle became a beacon of hope and progress, guiding Czechoslovakia through turbulent times.

History of Prague Castle

The Velvet Revolution

1989

In 1989, Prague Castle became a symbol of freedom and hope during the Velvet Revolution. Thousands of peaceful protestors gathered in the castle's courtyard, demanding political change and bringing an end to decades of communist rule.

History of Prague Castle

UNESCO World Heritage Site

1992

Prague Castle was recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage site. Its intricate architecture, centuries of history, and cultural significance made it an must-visit destination for travelers seeking to immerse themselves in Prague's heritage.

Construction of Prague Castle

  • The construction of Prague Castle dates back to the 9th century, and its evolution spans over centuries, embodying the essence of different architectural styles and visionary minds.
  • Over the centuries, skilled architects such as Benedikt Rejt, Petr Parléř, and Matthias of Arras played a crucial role in shaping the castle's grandeur. The architectural style evolved from Romanesque and Gothic influences to the stunning blend of Romanesque, Gothic, Renaissance, and Baroque elements seen today. These varied influences give Prague Castle its unique character as if it were a living testament to the passage of time.
  • Amidst the construction, the architects faced numerous challenges, but their ingenuity prevailed. The gargantuan challenge of balancing aesthetics and structural integrity pushed them to their limits. Towering walls were fortified, intricate details were meticulously carved, and soaring towers reached for the sky. The result was a masterpiece that stands as a testament to human ingenuity and ambition.

Prague Castle today

Prague castle entrance gate



Book Prague Castle tickets

Prague Castle Entry Tickets with Optional Mobile Guide
Flexible Duration
Audio Guide
More details
Prague Castle Guided Tour of Interiors & Exteriors with Entry Tickets
Free Cancellation
Instant Confirmation
Mobile Ticket
2 hr. 30 min.
Guided Tour
More details
Prague Castle Guided Tour of Exteriors with Entry Tickets
Free Cancellation
Instant Confirmation
Mobile Ticket
2 hr.
Guided Tour
More details
Combo (Save 10%): Prague Castle + 1-Hour Prague River Cruise Tickets
Flexible Duration
More details
from
€41.31
Combo (Save 5%): Prague Castle + Prague Zoo Tickets
Extended Validity
Instant Confirmation
Mobile Ticket
Flexible Duration
Audio Guide
More details
from
€40.75
Combo (Save 8%): Medieval Dinner Show + Prague Castle Entry tickets
Free Cancellation
Instant Confirmation
Mobile Ticket
Flexible Duration
Guided Tour
More details
from
€103.04
Combo: Prague Castle Guided Tour, River Cruise & Bus Transfer
4 hr.
Guided Tour
More details
Combo (Save 10%): Prague Castle + Astronomical Clock Tower Tickets
Flexible Duration
More details
from
€46.71

Frequently asked questions about the history of Prague Castle

How old is the Prague Castle?

Prague Castle dates back over 1,000 years, making it one of the oldest castles in the world.

When was the Prague Castle built?

Prague Castle was built in the 9th century, in the year 880.

Who built the Prague Castle?

Prague Castle was built by Prince Bořivoj of the house of Premyslides.

How many years did it take to build Prague Castle?

The construction of Prague Castle spanned several centuries, starting in the 9th century and continuing through various periods of history.

What is the historical significance of Prague Castle?

Prague Castle holds immense historical significance as the seat of power for Bohemian kings, Holy Roman Emperors, and Czech presidents, shaping the country's political and cultural identity.

Where is Prague Castle?

Prague Castle proudly stands atop a hill in the heart of Prague, Czech Republic, offering breathtaking panoramic views of the city.

What is Prague Castle famous for?

Prague Castle is famous for its stunning architecture, including the iconic St. Vitus Cathedral, as well as its historical role as the symbol of Czech sovereignty and national pride.

What is the architectural style of Prague Castle?

Prague Castle showcases a captivating blend of architectural styles, primarily Gothic, Renaissance, and Baroque, creating a harmonious and visually striking .masterpiece.

Are there guided tours explaining Prague Castle's history?

Yes, Prague Castle guided tours are available to explore the castle's rich history, providing fascinating insights into the castle's architecture, legends, and historical events.

Is it worth visiting Prague Castle?

Absolutely! Prague Castle is a must-visit destination offering a unique blend of history, architecture, and panoramic views. Its grandeur and cultural significance make it an experience you wouldn't want to miss. Know more about the castle here.